# Category Archives: 2011 Wisconsin Supreme Court & Recall Elections

## Four Wisconsin Elections: A Pattern of County Unit/Ward Vote Share Anomalies

Four Wisconsin Elections: A Pattern of County Unit/Ward Vote Share Anomalies

Richard Charnin
Dec. 23, 2012

The purpose of this analysis is to determine if there were repetitive patterns in the cumulative county vote shares over four recent Wisconsin elections. The patterns are obvious; the county graphs are virtual duplicates.

This post is a work-in-process, but since the data tables and graphs are completed, I wanted to make them available while the analysis is ongoing.

The following counties appear most anomalous: Brown, Dane, Jefferson, Kenosha, La Croix, Milwaukee, Oneida, Ozaukee, Racine, Richland, Sheboygan, Trempealeau, Walworth, Washington, Waukesha and Winnebago.

Republican vote shares are increasing (lines slope upward) while Democratic shares decrease (slope downward) at the same rate. This is an indicator of likely vote switching.

Summary of Key Walker Recall Results
Walker won the recall by 171,000 votes (53.1-46.8%).

In 15 large counties, Barrett’s vote shares at 25%, 50% and 100% of the cumulative total were 54.2%, 52.1% and 48.1%, respectively. The counties had 1.51 million of the total 2.52 million recorded votes.

Milwaukee County is the largest and most anomalous. In the recall, Barrett had 63.3% of the total 396,000 votes. But he had 74.4% at the 25% mark, 70.4% at 50% and 66.5% at 75%. Looking at Barrett’s shares in terms of remaining votes, he had 59.4% of the final 75%, 55.9% of the final 50% and 53.0% of the final 25%. In other words there was a 21.4% decline in Barrett’s 74.4% vote share of the first 100,000 votes to 53.0% in the final 100,000 votes.

Barrett’s True Vote Model 54.4% share is within 0.2% of his 15 county cumulative share at the 25% mark. His total Wisconsin share (assuming an equal level of fraud in the other 57 counties) was 52.4%.

In the 15 counties, there was a 6.0% difference between Barrett’s 54.2% at the 25% mark and his final 48.1%. Adding 6.1% to Barrett’s official 46.3% total share, he had an estimated 52.4% Wisconsin True Vote share.

In the 15 counties, there was a 4.0% difference between Barrett’s 52.1% at the 50% mark and his final 48.1%. Adding 4.0% to Barrett’s official 46.3% total share, he had an estimated 50.3% Wisconsin True Vote share.

2008 Presidential Election
The cumulative vote analysis essentially confirmed the unadjusted exit poll. Obama won the WI recorded vote by 56.2-42.7%. He won the unadjusted exit poll 63.3-35.7%, a 7.1% increase over the recorded vote share.

In 15 of the largest counties, Obama’s vote shares at the 25%, 50% and 100% of the cumulative total were 62.4%, 60.6% and 57.1%, respectively. The counties had 1.85 million (62%) of the 2.98 million total recorded votes.

Assuming that the 25% mark of total cumulative votes represented the True Vote, the True Vote estimates vs. Recorded vote shares follow:
2008 Obama 61.5 vs. 56.2%
2010 Feingold 53.0 vs. 47.0%
2010 Barrett 53.4 vs. 46.6%
2012 Barrett 52.8 vs. 46.3%

Assuming there was Zero fraud in the other 57 counties:
2010 Barrett 50.7%
2012 Barrett 50.3%

15 Wisconsin Counties
Democratic Vote Share Trend
```Votes in thousands ...................Percent of total vote ...............Votes..25%.....50%....100% 2008 President..1853 62.38% 60.59% 57.07% 2010 Senate.....1375 54.70% 52.38% 48.69% 2010 Governor...1372 55.04% 51.86% 48.23% 2012 Gov Recall.1492 55.12% 52.71% 48.58%```

``` ```

```Projected Wisconsin Obama 2008......2983 61.51% 59.72% 56.20% Feingold 2010...2161 53.02% 50.69% 47.00% Barrett 2010....2161 53.39% 50.21% 46.58% Barrett 2012....2516 52.38% 50.25% 46.28% ```
The following spreadsheets use data provided by GAB. Note that Milwaukee County is displayed at the top of the screen in each spreadsheet to illustrate the similar cumulative vote pattern in each of the four elections.

2012 Walker recall (contains voting machine types for each county and municipality).

2010 Governor

2010 Senate

2008 Presidential

In the process of working on analysis of Wisconsin elections, I have developed a number of models and databases which are available online as Google Doc spreadsheets. They can be linked to from the following posts:

http://richardcharnin.wordpress.com/category/2011-wisconsin-supreme-court-recall-elections/

## Walker Recall: County Cumulative Vote Shares by Increasing Unit/Ward Size

Walker Recall: County Cumulative Vote Shares by Increasing Unit/Ward Size

Richard Charnin
Dec.18,2012
Updated: Oct.28, 2013

This is a cumulative vote trend analysis of the Walker Recall by increasing unit/ward vote counts. The data had already been included in The Walker Recall True Vote Database Model. Each county was sorted by size of Unit/Ward. Cumulative vote shares for Walker and Barrett were calculated and the graphs were generated.

The cumulative vote trend graphics is similar to Francois Choquette et al. analysis of the GOP Primaries and Prop. 37.

Note the upward sloped lines for Walker in Milwaukee, Racine, Winnebago, Waukesha counties. The Law of Large numbers is violated; we would expect flat or slightly upward sloping lines for Barrett since Democratic shares are usually higher in larger urban wards than in smaller rural ones.

If the lines are flat or upward sloping for Walker, this is an indicator of vote miscount favoring Walker.

The Law of Large Numbers

As the vote count increases, the cumulative vote shares should hardly change (the lines should be nearly flat). But if they diverge, there must be some external factor causing it. It could very well be the FRAUD FACTOR.

Consider this baseball analogy. Why do batting averages fluctuate so greatly in the spring, but less and less as the season progresses? The Law of Large Numbers. Batting average= Total base hits/Total At Bats

Vote share for Walker= Walker Votes/Total Votes (but the Law of Large numbers was violated in the election)

The following counties appear to be the most anomalous: Brown, Milwaukee, Ozaukee, Racine, Richland, Shawano, Sheboygan, Walworth, Waukesha and Winnebago. Why would Barrett’s vote shares in Milwaukee County decline with increasing ward size? Presumably, larger wards are more Democratic than smaller wards. If anything, one would expect the lines to DIVERGE OR AT LEAST REMAIN PARALLEL – NOT CONVERGE.

The Wisconsin True Vote Model indicated that Barrett had 66.0% in Milwaukee compared to his 63.6% recorded share. In Brown, 52.2% vs. 40.0%, Racine 51.5% vs. 46.9%, Sheboygan 47.4% vs. 35.3%; Winnebago 53.5% vs. 43.6%.

Why would Barrett’s Milwaukee County cumulative BLUE vote shares decline while Walker’s RED shares slope upward? It’s a red flag which indicates vote miscounting.

Winnebago County

## The Walker recall: A correlation analysis of voting machines

The Walker recall: A correlation analysis of voting machines

Richard Charnin
Sept. 25, 2012

The purpose of this Walker recall voting machine analysis is to determine the effect of paper ballots, touch screens (DRE) and optical scanners on county and municipal vote shares.

Note that this analysis is not as complete as it should be. There is no breakdown of votes in locations where there were several types of voting machines. Only the voting machine percentages are available. The analysis will be updated when and if votes in each location by machine type are released.

We need the data in the same form as used in this analysis of Winnnebago County vote counts in which probabilities of vote share differentials in the same unit/ward were calculated. Theoretically differences in the shares should have been minimal, say within 5%. But there were much larger discrepancies in a number of locations.

Using the municipal voting machine mix, there was a negative (-.24) correlation between Barrett’s county vote shares and corresponding percentage of total votes cast on DREs. Overall Barrett did better on paper ballots (.11) and optical scanners(.14). As the percentage of votes cast on DREs increased, so did Walker’s share.

The source of the data is the Wisconsin Government Accounting Board Form 190- Voting by Type of Equipment. I created this spreadsheet for the correlation analysis.

Of the 59 counties Walker won, 54 used touchscreens (DREs). But the majority of votes were cast on optical scanners.

In the 13 counties Barrett won, just five had DREs. These were the percentages of DRE votes: Iowa (76%), Eau Claire (21%), Kenosha (12%), Columbia (0.2%) and Milwaukee (0.5%). The total number of DREs was negligible in the counties.

Several correlations were calculated. The first set was to determine if there was a relationship between the municipal vote shares and the percentage of DRE votes cast in each municipality.

The correlation between votes cast on optical scanners and county vote size was 0.45. The larger counties used optical scanners almost exclusively. The correlations were -0.41 for DREs and -0.31 for paper ballots. DREs and paper ballots were mostly used in smaller counties.

In addition, correlation ratios measured the strength of the relationship between voting machines and county vote shares. Voters were encouraged to use DRE’s rather than paper ballots.

In the counties Walker won, Barrett’s vote shares were positively correlated to the percentage of paper ballots (.20) and to votes cast on DREs (0.17). His shares were negatively correlated to optical scanners (-0.21).

In the top ten Walker counties (highest vote shares), 85% of votes were cast on optical scanners, 10.7% on DREs. In the top ten Barrett counties, 96% of votes were cast on optical scanners, 1.2% on DREs.

In counties won by Walker, 76% of votes were cast on scanners, 18% on DREs.
In counties won by Barrett, 95% of votes were cast on scanners, 2.7% on DREs.

Winnebago County- Cumulative Vote Shares

## Winnebago County Walker Recall: A Probability Analysis of Differences between Optical Scan and Touch Screen Vote Counts

Winnebago County Walker Recall: A Probability Analysis of Optical Scan and Touch Screen Vote Counts

Richard Charnin
Aug. 14, 2012
Updated: Oct.27, 2013

Three independent models analyzed the Walker Recall election in Winnebago County. This post focuses on a probability analysis of DRE vs. Optical scanners. Summaries and links to the Cumulative County Vote Share graphical analysis and the County/Muni True Vote Model are also included. The three models confirm the very high probability of fraud.

Assume that the votes cast on Optical scanners and Touch screens are given for a location (ward, precinct). All things being equal, the vote shares should be nearly identical. But if they are not equal, is the difference significant? And if the difference is significant, what is the probability that it would be due to chance?

Note that this is not an exit poll analysis. The probabilities are based on actual recorded votes.

The probability of the discrepancy is a function of the following:
1) number of optical scanners and touch screens
2) vote share percentages on each

If the optical scan ballots are hand-counted, we can calculate the number of touch screen votes and vote shares by subtraction. We can then determine if the difference in vote shares between the touch screens and optical scanner is significant.

This spreadsheet is a probability calculator for the discrepancy between optiscan and touchscreen vote shares in a given ward/precinct.

The Z-score is based on the bell-curve (normal distribution). Z determines the probability of the difference between the touch screen and optical scan vote shares. If
Z = 1.65, the probability is 95.2% that the difference between touch screen and optical scan vote shares was not due to chance. Election Fraud is likely.
Z = 1.96, the probability is 97.5%
Z = 2.33, the probability is 99.0%

Assume that in a given location, we have:
nv = total number of votes
ns = number of optical scan ballots
wv = Walkers total vote
ps = Walker’s vote share on optical scanners

Then we can easily determine
nt = number of TSX (touch screen) votes = nv – ns
pt = Walker’s TSX share

We can then calculate the probability of the difference in vote shares between the optical scanners and touchscreens:
1) Difference in vote shares: Diff = pt-ps
2) Standard error: Std = sqrt [ps*(1-ps)/ns + pt*(1-pt)/nt]
3) Z-score = ABS(Diff) / Std
4) Probability (Diff) = 2-2*NORMSDIST(Z)

The following table is based on the Winnebago County spreadsheet in the 2012 Wisconsin Recall True Vote Model. It shows that the large discrepancies between Opscan and TSX shares in the following locations could not have all been due to chance.

Model 1. Winnebago Muni DRE/Opscan Differential Vote Share Probability (Walker 2-party%)
``` Location.....Opscan...TSX.....Diff..ZS..Prob```
``` Menasha(3,5,6).65.64% 60.23% -5.41% 1.89 5.82% Neenah.........63.14% 73.21% 10.08% 1.67 9.45% Poygan.........62.81% 72.66% 9.85% 2.68 0.74% Rushford.......58.48% 65.92% 7.44% 2.10 3.59% Utica..........66.67% 75.17% 8.51% 2.08 3.78%```

``` Neenah(13-16)..60.32% 53.68% -6.63% 1.74 8.20% Neenah(17-20)..51.31% 64.10% 12.79% 2.77 0.57% Oshkosh(5).....42.73% 32.98% -9.75% 1.85 6.46% Oshkosh(15)....50.76% 40.00% -10.76% 2.89 0.38% Oshkosh(17)....40.48% 47.66% 7.18% 1.91 5.66% Oshkosh(28A)...44.96% 52.58% 7.61% 1.88 5.98% Oshkosh(29A)...60.63% 73.68% 13.06% 2.24 2.48% ```

```Poygan Village Votes Pct 2-Party Total Vote Count.... 662 100% Optiscan...... 406 61.33% TSX DRE....... 256 38.67% Walker Total Votes... 441 66.62% Optiscan...... 255 62.81% DRE TSX....... 186 72.66% Z-Score....... 2.68 Probability... 0.74% (of 9.85% vote share discrepancy between Optiscan and DRE) ```
Model 2: Winnebago County Cumulative VoteShares
Note the statistically improbable increase in Walker’s share. http://richardcharnin.wordpress.com/2012/12/09/walker-recall-county-cumulative-vote-trend-by-ward-group/

Model 3: Winnebago True Vote (2-party)
Barrett won the True Vote with 53.5%, a 5000 vote margin.
Walker won the recorded vote with 56.4%, a 9000 vote margin.
Walker needed an implausible 29% of returning Obama 2008 voters to match his recorded vote. http://richardcharnin.wordpress.com/2012/07/24/the-walker-recall-municipal-database-a-true-vote-model/
``` 2008... Share. Votes. Alive Turnout.Votes..... Mix. Barrett Walker Barrett Walker Margin Obama...55.90% 48,137 45,971 80.00% 36,777.... 51.97% 89.93% 10.07% 33,075 3,702 29,372 McCain..44.10% 37,976 36,267 80.00% 29,014.... 41.00% 06.96% 93.04% 2,020 26,993 -24,973 New..................................4,976..... 7.03% 55.90% 44.10% 2,781 2,194 587 Total......... 86,113 82,238 80.00% 70,766 True Vote........................................... 53.52% 46.48% 37,876 32,890 4,986 Recorded Vote....................................... 43.60% 56.40% 30,885 39,881 -8,996 2012 votes / living 2008 voters:86.05% 2012 voters % of 2008: 82.18% Est. votes flipped:6,991 18.46% ```

``` Sensitivity Analysis Barrett won all 18 plausible voter turnout and vote share scenarios 2008 Voter turnout in 2012:77.00% 80.00% 83.00% Required Walker % of Obama:30.08% 29.16% 28.31% Voter Turnout.......................... Barrett share of Obama McCain........................... Obama McCain 80% 80%................................. 90% 7% ```

```......Barrett Share of Obama.................. Obama Turnout Barrett 87.0% 90.0% 93.0%.......McCain...77.0% 80.0% 83.0% %McCain....Barrett Share........Turnout......Barrett Share 9.96% 53.19% 54.75% 56.31%......... 77% 53.61% 54.28% 54.94% 6.96% 51.96% 53.52% 55.08%......... 80% 52.86% 53.52% 54.19% 3.96% 50.73% 52.29% 53.85%......... 83% 52.11% 52.77% 53.43% ...........Barrett Margin.....................Barrett Margin 9.96% 4,520 6,727 8,934............. 77% 5,112 6,051 6,990 6.96% 2,780 4,986 7,193............. 80% 4,047 4,986 5,925 3.96% 1,039 3,245 5,452............. 83% 2,983 3,921 4,860 ```

Take the Election Fraud Quiz.

## The Walker Recall Municipal Database: A True Vote Model

Walker Recall Municipality Database: A True Vote Model

Richard Charnin
7/24/2012
Updated: Oct.27,2013

The Recall True Vote Model is designed to be a data reference and forensic tool to uncover locations where fraud was likely. It contains voting data on a county, municipality and ward-by-ward basis.

The analysis shows that the election was very likely stolen. In order to achieve his 171,000 vote margin (53.1-46.3%) Walker’s required shares of returning Obama voters in many municipalities were implausible. The True Vote Model indicates that Barrett had a 53-54% True Vote share (2-party) and won the election by nearly 200,000 votes.

The model produces the following for 72 counties, nearly 1900 municipalities and over 3000 Wards/Units:
1) Recorded votes and True Vote estimates
2) Walker’s share of returning Obama voters required to match the recorded vote
3) Red-shift differential between the True Vote and recorded vote
4) Voter turnout as a percent of living 2008 voters
5) Recorded and True Vote Margin

The ‘Input’ sheet contains the True Vote model for analyzing the state, a county or municipality.

Default Assumptions
Barrett’s share of returning Obama voters is calculated automatically as an incremental partisanship adjustment to his assumed 90% total Wisconsin share.

For example, in Dane County, Barrett’s share of returning Obama voters is adjusted from 90% to 95%. In Waukesha, it is adjusted to 84%.

The default assumption that Barrett won 5% of returning McCain voters is conservative. According to the WI 2010 Exit Poll, Barrett had 7%.

Barrett’s share of voters who did not vote in 2008 is set to Obama’s share.

User can now set their own Barrett shares of returning Obama and McCain voters as defaults on the Input sheet (they were originally hard coded as 90% and 5%). In the 2010 Wisconsin Governor exit poll, Barrett had just 83% of Obama voters. I believe his actual share was better than that. He also had 7% of McCain voters. If Barrett’s share of McCain voters in the recall was 7%, Walker’s required share of returning Obama voters increases from 22% to 24%.

Each of the defaults can be overridden.

Sensitivity Analysis
The tables save the time and effort of asking “what-if” vote share and turnout assumptions change to calculate total vote shares and margins.

Consider these scenarios based on the following assumptions:
1-Equal 79% turnout of Obama and McCain voters
2-New voters are 11% of total 2012 electorate
3-Barrett wins 57% of New voters

Worst Case
Barrett has 87% of returning Obama voters and 4% of McCain voters
He has 52% and wins by 100,000 votes

Most Likely Base Case
Barrett has 90% of returning Obama voters and 7% of McCain voters
He has 54.7% and wins by 232,000 votes

Best Case
Barrett has 93% of returning Obama voters and 10% of McCain voters
He has 57.3% and wins by 366,000 votes

The “Muni” database worksheet is protected from user data entry.
The built-in assumptions:
- Barrett’s default share of Obama voters is 90%, as per the “input” sheet.
- His share of McCain voters is fixed at 7%.
- There is no breakout of new voters.

These are the steps in using the model to analyze a given municipality:
1. Scroll “Muni” to locate the county
2. Check the row number of the Municipality
3. Enter the row number in the ‘Input’ sheet

These articles are from Wisconsin blogger Dennis Kern:

http://freewisconsinblog.com/?p=20860

http://myplayfulself.com/wordpress/archives/12818

Earlier posts on the Walker Recall:
July 11: True Vote Model: Implausible Walker Vote Shares Required to match the vote.
June 9: Exit Pollsters: MO Never Changes
June 6: Final Exit Poll: Forced to Match the Recorded vote
May 24: Is the Past Prologue?
May 3: True Vote Model Analysis

Take the Election Fraud Quiz.

Winnebago County Cumulative Vote Shares

## The Walker Recall True Vote Model: Implausible Vote Shares Required to Match the Vote

The Walker Recall True Vote Model: Implausible Vote Shares Required to Match the Vote

Richard Charnin

July 11, 2012

This analysis uses the Wisconsin Recall True Vote Model (TVM) to calculate Walker’s share of Obama returning voters that were required to match the state/county recorded vote. It is further evidence that Walker’s recorded margin was implausible and that Barrett very likely won the election.

Walker won in 2010 by 124,638 votes with a 52.3% share. His margin improved in 2012: he won by 171,105 votes and had a 53.1% share.

This worksheet provides a comparative analysis of the 2010 and 2012 elections.

In the recall, Walker’s biggest vote margins (in thousands) were in these counties: Waukesha (96), Washington (36), Brown (21), Ozaukee (20) and Outagamie (18). His biggest margin increases were in Taylor, Trempealeau, Price, Outagamie and Clark. The biggest vote gains were in Waukesha, Milwaukee, Outagamie, Brown and Dane.

In 2008, Obama won Wisconsin with a 56.2% recorded share. But he had 63.3% in the unadjusted exit poll, far beyond the 2.5% margin of error. Although the exit poll is strong evidence that election fraud sharply reduced Obama’s True Vote, we will be conservative and use the recorded vote in this analysis.

It is important to note the sensitivity analysis tables in the TVM. They display vote shares and margins over a range of turnout and vote share assumptions around the base case.

The following DEFAULT assumptions can be overidden on the INPUT sheet:
1) Equal turnout rates for returning Obama and McCain voters.
2) Barrett’s share of returning Obama voters is estimated as an increment applied to his base case 90% Wisconsin share.
3) Shares of New voters are set to the estimated 2008 vote shares.
4) Barrett won 5% of returning McCain voters

The model calculates Walker’s share of Obama returning voters that were required to match the state/county recorded vote.
The “2010-2012″ worksheet provides a comparative analysis of the 2010 and 2012 elections

KEY STATE AND COUNTY RESULTS
The very conservative assumption is that Obama’s recorded 56.2% share was his True share. But he did better than that. He had 63.3% in the unadjusted exit poll, therefore Barrett probably did better than his True Vote shown below.

Wisconsin
Barrett had 47.1% and lost by 171,000 votes.
Walker needed 23% of returning Obama voters.
Barrett True Vote: 53.6%, 193k margin.

Waukesha
Walker had 72.4% and won by 96,000 votes.
Walker True Vote: 65%, a 65k vote margin.
Walker needed 36% of returning Obama voters.

Milwaukee
Barrett had 63.2% and won by 107,000 votes.
Barrett True Vote: 65%, 122k margin.
Walker needed 10% of returning Obama voters.

Dane
Barrett had 69.1% and won by 99k votes.
Barrett True Vote: 71%, 110k margin.
Walker needed 8% of returning Obama voters.

Outagamie
Barrett had 36.1% and lost by 48k votes.
Barrett True Vote: 52% and won by 4,000 votes.
Walker needed 38% of returning Obama voters.

Racine
Barrett had 46.7% and lost by 5k votes.
Barrett True Vote: 50.3% and won by 1,000 votes
Walker needed 18% of returning Obama voters.

Rock
Barrett had 55.7% and lost by 8k votes.
Barrett True Vote: 61% and won by 15,000 votes.
Walker needed 17% of returning Obama voters.

The Walker Recall County/Ward Database
This spreadsheet database was created to facilitate analysis. A data filter function let’s one quickly view Ward totals for a given county. In addition, vote shares are calculated and automatically sorted.

The data is available as an Excel spreadsheet from Wisconsin GAB. The file consists of 3500 Ward vote records. By itself, it is not very useful since the viewer must scroll through all the records to get the desired county – a time-consuming process.

Take the Election Fraud Quiz.

## Walker Recall: The Exit Pollster’s MO Never Changes

Richard Charnin
June 9, 2012

The exit pollster’s MO never changes. In the recall, the pundits said it was “too close to call”. I’m quite sure that Barrett was winning, but the media knew the fix was in so they had to keep it close. They knew the actual exit poll numbers would not see the light of day. But they sure called it quickly for Walker, didn’t they?

The pollster’s have had plenty of experience in adjusting exit polls to match the vote count.

In 2004, preliminary state exit poll numbers were downloaded from the CNN website by Jonathan Simon. Kerry led by 50-48%. The state polls were already in the process of being matched to the recorded vote. But Bush was winning the vote count – a massive divergence from the exit polls.

We later learned that Kerry led the National Exit Poll from 4pm to midnight. At 4pm (8349 respondents) he led by 51-48%. At 730 pm (11027 respondents) by 51-48%. At 1222am (13047) by 51-47%. But we didn’t see these numbers. They were not meant for public viewing.

The next day, the CNN and NYT websites showed that Bush won the National Exit Poll (13660) by 51-48% – matching the recorded vote. How did the final 613 National Exit Poll respondents enable Bush to flip the vote? The exit pollsters never could answer that one. After all, the flip was mathematically impossible.

The unadjusted 2004 exit polls (state and national) were not released until about a year ago, long after the damage was done. And guess what? Kerry actually won the 13660 respondents! He had 7064 (51.7%), Bush 6414 (47.0%), Other 182 (1.3%).

Someday, probably in 2022, we’ll get to see the unadjusted recall exit poll numbers. In the meantime, here’s the 2004 National Exit Poll Timeline that was “not meant for public viewing”.

http://richardcharnin.wordpress.com/2012/02/21/the-final-2004-national-exit-poll-switched-7-2-of-kerry-responders-to-bush/

And let’s not forget the 2000 selection. The media told us the election was close in Florida and nationwide. But they did not tell us that Gore won the
1) National Exit Poll (13,108 respondents)by 48.5%-46.3%, a 2.7 million margin.
2) 50 state exit polls (58,000 respondents)by 50.8%-45.5%, a 6 million margin.
3) Florida exit poll (1,816 respondents)by 53.4%-43.6%. a 500,000 vote margin.

The media myth is that
1) Gore won the national popular vote by 540,000 votes.
2) Bush won Florida by 537 votes.

All we know is that the Florida recount was halted by the Supreme Court.

Gore won exit polls in the following states – but lost all in the official vote.
He needed just ONE to win the election.
2000: AL AR AZ CO FL GA MO NC NV TN TX VA

- Republican recorded presidential vote shares exceeded the corresponding unadjusted exit poll shares in 226 (82.4%) of the 274 state elections for which there is exit poll data. One would normally expect approximately 137 (50%). The probability is virtually ZERO.

- The exit poll margin of error (described below) was exceeded in 126 (46%) of the 274 polls. The statistical expectation is that the margin of error (MoE) would be exceeded in 14 (5%). The probability is ZERO.

- 123 of the 126 exit polls in which the MoE was exceeded moved to the recorded vote in favor of the Republican (the “red shift”). Just 3 moved in favor of the Democrat (” the blue shift”). There is a ZERO probability that this one-sided shift was due to chance. It is powerful evidence beyond any doubt of pervasive systemic election fraud.

- The Republicans won the recorded vote in 55 states in which the Democrats won the exit poll. Conversely, the Republicans lost the recorded vote in just two states (Iowa and Minnesota in 2000) in which they won the exit poll. If the elections were fair, the number of vote flips would be nearly equal. The probability of this disparity is virtually ZERO.

Calculating the probabilties

The probability P that 55 of 57 exit polls would flip from the Democrats in the exit polls to the Republicans in the recorded vote is given by the Binomial distribution: P= 1-Binomdist(54,57,.5,true)
P= 1.13E-14 = 0.000000000000011 or 1 in 88 trillion!

The probability that the exit poll margin of error would be exceeded in any given state is 5% or 1 in 20. Therefore, approximately 14 of the 274 exit polls would be expected to exceed the margin of error, 7 for the Republican and 7 for the Democrat.

Given the relationship between the exit poll, margin of error and corresponding win probability, we compare the 274 state exit polls to the corresponding recorded votes. The Republicans did better in the recorded vote than in the exit polls in 226 (82.4%) of the 274 elections. The probability of this one-sided red-shift is 3.7E-31 or 1 in 2.7 million trillion trillion.

The MoE was exceeded in 123 exit polls in favor of the Republican – and just 3 for the Democrat. The simple Poisson spreadsheet function calculates the probability P:
P = 5E-106 = Poisson (123, .025*274, false)
P = 1 in 1.8 billion trillion trillion trillion trillion trillion trillion trillion trillion.
The probability is ZERO. There are 106 places to the right of the decimal!
P = .0000000000 0000000000 0000000000 0000000000 0000000000 0000000000 0000000000 0000000000 0000000000 0000000000 000005

Listen to Stephen Spoonamore – a Republican computer security expert:

## Wisconsin Recall: The adjusted Final Exit Poll was forced to match an unlikely recorded vote

Richard Charnin
June 6, 2012
Updated: July 11

The media and the exit pollsters have done it again.

Before the first votes were posted, the media reported that based on the exit polls, the election was “too close to call”. But Walker won by 53.2-46.3%, a 173,000 vote margin. Assuming “too close to call” meant that the exit poll indicated a 50/50 split, then there was a significant 7% discrepancy between the unadjusted exit poll and the recorded vote. I believe that Barrett was actually leading the exit polls. Of course, we will never know until the unadjusted exit polls are released. In any case, what caused the unknown red shift?

According to the Wisconsin True Vote Model , Barrett was a likely 54-46% winner. Barrett should have won easily – assuming the caveat of a fair election. But the election was very likely stolen.

Forcing the exit poll to match the recorded vote

The Final Wisconsin adjusted exit poll (2547 respondents) indicated that Walker had 53.0% (see the NY Times link below). The 0.2% difference between the Final and the recorded vote was the result of the standard policy of forcing the unadjusted poll to match the vote.

The pollsters claim that the exit poll had a 4.0% margin of error. But they can’t mean the final adjusted poll because it is always forced to match the recorded vote within 0.5%.

Why did the media not provide the actual unadjusted exit poll demographics? Was it because they knew that they would have to adjust all the crosstabs to match a rigged recorded vote – and did not want the public to view the “adjustments”?

The Fraud Factor

And as is always the case, there was no mention of the fraud factor in the mainstream media. There never is. To the exit pollsters and the media, there is no such thing as election fraud.

The GOP employs overt voter disenfranchisement in plain sight by robocalling voters with false information and having election workers discourage voters from using paper ballots and vote on unverifiable touchscreen DREs. But we are supposed to believe that right-wing voting machine manufacturers would not stoop so low as to write malicious code to covertly flip votes in cyberspace.

In 2010, Walker “won” by 52.2-46.6%, supposedly due to low-Democratic turnout.
Was the election a prologue of the recall?

In the recall, Democrats turned out in droves, they wanted Walker gone. There was no way that the unpopular Governor would match, much less exceed, his 2010 vote – if the votes were counted as cast. But that is a quaint notion considering the overwhelming statistical evidence of systemic election fraud since 1988.

Implausible 2008 returning voters and 2012 vote shares

Obama had a 56.2% recorded share in Wisconsin and 63.3% in the unadjusted exit poll (2.4% margin of error). Assuming Obama had a 60% True Vote share, then to match the recall vote, Walker needed the following:
1) 81% of McCain and 71% of Obama voters turned out.
2) He needed to win 25% of Obama and 95% of McCain voters.
3) He needed 46% of new voters who did not vote in 2010. The 2012 exit poll indicates he had 45% and that new voters comprised 13% of the total vote.

In order to win by his recorded vote, Walker needed a 10% advantage in returning 2008 voters and a 20% advantage in net defections. That is highly implausible.

Exit poll oddities

1) A full 5% of voters were not white or black. But their vote is n/a.
2) Philosophy: 13% of liberals voted for Walker?
3) Party ID: 34% Democrat/ 35% Republican in a progressive state?
4) Labor: Just 62% voted for Barrett?
5) Obama preferred by 51-44%, yet Barrett lost the recall by 53.2-46.3%?
6) Barrett only got 81% of would-be Obama voters?
7)Turnout:47% of recall were returning Walker 2010 and 34% Barrett? That’s a 13% difference. In 2010 Walker “won” by 52.2-46.6%.
8) Urban vote: Barrett had just 62% in big cities?

Margin of error?

The pollsters indicate that there were 2547 exit poll respondents and that the margin of error (MoE) was +/-4%. Presumably, this includes a 30% cluster factor.

The adjusted poll had a zero MoE since it was forced to match the recorded vote. What is the point of mentioning a MoE if the exit poll is adjusted to match the recorded vote?

The pollsters must be referring to the unadjusted exit poll, but of course that is not for public viewing. In any case, the 4.0% MoE is too high, considering the number of respondents (n). The simple formula is: MoE =.98/sqrt(n)

Adding a 30% cluster factor, the theoretical MoE is 2.6%= 1.3*.98/sqrt(2547).
So how did the pollsters come up with the 4.0% MoE?

If we had unadjusted exit poll data, the margin of error would be applied to determine the interval where the vote share would be expected to fall 95% of the time. That’s why unadjusted exit polls are necessary. The standard practice of forcing the exit poll to match the recorded vote implicitly assumes zero fraud, i.e. the recorded vote is identical to the True Vote. It never is.

The Ultimate Smoking Gun: Unadjusted state presidential exit polls (1988-2008)

July 11 Update: There are 274 state exit polls listed in the Roper archive for 1988-2008 (only 24 are listed for 1988). I originally used the True Vote Model to estimate the 26 missing 1988 exit polls. Dr. Bob Fitrakis, writing in The Free Press, referred to the earlier probability calculations in an excellent article: Wisconsin: None Dare Call it Vote Rigging

Here are the revised numbers, based on 274 exit polls:

- Republican recorded presidential vote shares exceeded the corresponding unadjusted exit poll shares in 232 (85%) of the 274 state elections for which there is exit poll data. One would normally expect approximately 137 (50%). The probability is virtually ZERO.

- The exit poll margin of error (described below) was exceeded in 135 (49%) of the 274 polls. The statistical expectation is that the margin of error (MoE) would be exceeded in 14 (5%). The probability is ZERO.

- 131 of the 135 exit polls in which the MoE was exceeded moved to the recorded vote in favor of the Republican (the “red shift”). Just 3 moved in favor of the Democrat (” the blue shift”). There is a ZERO probability that this one-sided shift was due to chance. It is powerful evidence beyond any doubt of pervasive systemic election fraud.

- The Republicans won the recorded vote in 55 states in which the Democrats won the exit poll. Conversely, the Republicans lost the recorded vote in just two states (Iowa and Minnesota in 2000) in which they won the exit poll. If the elections were fair, the number of vote flips would be nearly equal. The probability of this disparity is virtually ZERO.

Calculating the probabilties

The probability P that 55 of 57 exit polls would flip from the Democrats in the exit polls to the Republicans in the recorded vote is given by the Binomial distribution: P= 1-Binomdist(54,57,.5,true)
P= 1.13E-14 = 0.000000000000011 or 1 in 88 trillion!

The probability that the exit poll margin of error would be exceeded in any given state is 5% or 1 in 20. Therefore, approximately 14 of the 274 exit polls would be expected to exceed the margin of error, 7 for the Republican and 7 for the Democrat.

Given the relationship between the exit poll, margin of error and corresponding win probability, we compare the 274 state exit polls to the corresponding recorded votes. The Republicans did better in the recorded vote than in the exit polls in 232 of the 274 elections. The probability of this one-sided red-shift is 9E-35 or 1 in 100 billion trillion trillion.

The MoE was exceeded in 131 exit polls in favor of the Republican – and just 4 for the Democrat. The simple Poisson spreadsheet function calculates the probability P:
```P = 3.74E-116 = Poisson (131, .025*274, false) P = .0000000000 0000000000 0000000000 0000000000 0000000000 0000000000 0000000000 0000000000 0000000000 0000000000 0000000000 00000374 ```
1988-2008 Red-shift Summary (274 exit polls)
The following table lists the
a) Number of states in which the exit poll red-shifted to the Republican,
b) Number of states which red-shifted beyond the margin of error,
c) Probability of n states red-shifting beyond the MoE,
d) Democratic unadjusted aggregate state exit poll share,
e) Democratic recorded share,
f) Difference between Democratic exit poll and recorded share.

```Year RS >MoE Probability.... Exit Vote Diff 1988 21.. 12... 2.5E-12..... 50.3 45.7 4.6 Dukakis may have won 1992 45.. 27... 1.1E-26..... 47.6 43.0 4.6 Clinton landslide 1996 44.. 19... 2.5E-15..... 52.6 49.3 3.3 Clinton landslide 2000 34.. 17... 4.9E-13..... 50.8 48.4 2.4 Gore win stolen 2004 42.. 23... 3.5E-20..... 51.1 48.3 2.8 Kerry landslide stolen 2008 46.. 37... 2.4E-39..... 58.0 52.9 5.1 Obama landslide denied```

``` ```

```Total 232. 135. 3.7E-116.... 51.7 47.9 3.8 Exact match to the Nat Exit Poll ```
Note: 274 exit polls from 1988-2008
(24 in 1988, 50 in each of the 1992-2008 elections)

The conventional wisdom is very conventional – and very misleading:
http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2012/06/05/wisconsin-recall-vote_n_1572662.html

The NY Times Election site has the FINAL, adjusted exit poll crosstabs.
http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2012/06/05/us/politics/wisconsin-recall-exit-polls.html

## The Walker Recall: Is the Past Prologue?

The Walker Recall: Is the Past Prologue?

Richard Charnin
May 24, 2012

In a previous Walker recall election analysis the Wisconsin True Vote Model indicated that Barrett would win a fair election with 53-54%. The purpose of this analysis is to determine what it took for Walker to win in 2010. This information may provide insight into what we can expect in the recall.

The 2010 Election

Approximately 69% of 2008 voters turned out in the 2010 Wisconsin Governor race. Walker defeated Barrett by 125,000 recorded votes (52.2-46.6%). The exit poll was forced to match the recorded vote. That is standard operating procedure.

In order to force the exit poll to match the vote, it required that 49% of the 2010 electorate were returning Obama voters and 43% returning McCain voters. The 6% spread is 8% below Obama’s recorded margin and a whopping 22% below his exit poll margin. The spread implies that 66% of Obama voters and 77% of McCain voters returned in 2010 – a net 11% turnout advantage to Walker.

In the poll, Barrett had 83% of Obama voters and 7% of McCain voters – a net 10% defection of returning Obama voters. Walker had 16% of Obama voters and 93% of McCain voters. In addition, 3% were returning third-party and 5% did not vote in 2008 – but the vote shares were n/a. A simple calculation shows that in order to match the recorded vote, Walker needed to win new and returning third-party voters by a 20% margin.

To summarize, in order to match the recorded vote, the adjusted Final 2010 Wisconsin exit poll assumed…
1) There was ZERO fraud in 2008.
2) McCain returning voter turnout exceeded Obama turnout by 11%.
3) 16% of Obama voters defected to Walker and 7% of McCain voters defected to Barrett.
4) Walker had a 20% margin among new and returning 2008 third-party voters.

The 2012 True Vote Model

The base case assumption in the 2012 Wisconsin Recall True Vote Model that Obama had a 60% vote share is conservative. He had 63.3% in the Wisconsin exit poll (2545 respondents) but just 56.2% recorded – triple the 2.4% margin of error. There is a virtual 100% probability that Obama’s True share exceeded 60%. In other words, the 2008 election was likely extremely fraudulent, but not so fraudulent as to cause Obama to lose Wisconsin.

Unlike final national and state exit polls that are adjusted to conform to the recorded vote (and implicitly assume zero fraud), the True Vote Model is based on a feasible estimated turnout of previous election voters and best vote share estimates of returning and new voters.

The model calculates various scenarios (“sensitivity analysis”) of 2008 election voter turnout in 2012 based on the 2008 a) recorded vote, b) unadjusted exit poll or 3) estimated True Vote.

What does this portend for the recall?
Three scenarios:

1) Fraud: Walker wins by a similar margin as he did in 2010 (125,000 votes)
2) Fraud: But not enough to steal the election. Barrett wins by 70,000.
3) No fraud. Barrett wins by at least 160,000.

1988-2008: the 8% unadjusted exit poll margin discrepancy

Unadjusted state and national exit poll data is available on the Roper website. The Democrats won the aggregate 1988-2008 presidential unadjusted exit polls by 52-42% -an 8% discrepancy in margin from the 48-46% recorded vote. Bloggers, pollsters and academics are apparently unaware that the data even exists. After all, the NY Times and CNN never reported that fact. But they do show exit polls adjusted to conform to bogus recorded votes on their websites.

How many voters are aware that Obama won the Unadjusted National Exit Poll (17,836 respondents) by a 61-37% margin? Or that he won the state aggregate exit polls (82,388 respondents) by 58-40.5%? The Final 2008 National Exit Poll was forced to match the recorded vote by implying an impossible 103% turnout of living Bush 2004 voters and 12 million more returning Bush than Kerry voters.

In every election the pollsters force state and national exit polls to match the recorded vote. They accomplish this by adjusting all demographic crosstabs that are displayed in the various mainstream media election sites. As a result of the forced match to the recorded vote, the “pristine” demographic percentages are contaminated. In other words, by matching to the recorded vote, final exit polls disguise the true intent of various classes of voters.

## Wisconsin Governor Recall: A True Vote Model Analysis

Wisconsin Governor Recall: A True Vote Model Analysis

Richard Charnin
May 3, 2012

Barrett should win easily – assuming ZERO fraud.
But there WILL be fraud. So let’s look at the scenarios.

Let’s check out the Wisconsin True Vote Model.

In 2008, Obama had a 56.2% recorded vote share in Wisconsin. But he had 63.2% in the unadjusted exit poll (n=2,545 respondents). The poll had a 2.43% margin of error (including a 30% “cluster effect”).

MoE = (1+cluster) * Stdev * sqrt(p*(1-p)/n)
MoE = 2.43% = 1.3 * 1.96 * sqrt(.639*.361/2545)

There is a near 100% probability that Obama’s True Wisconsin share exceeded 60%:

All of the following scenarios assume that Obama had a 60% WI share.
___________________________________________________________________________

CONSERVATIVE Base Case assumptions (favoring Walker)

Returning 2008 Voter Turnout (net 5% to Walker)
65% Obama voter turnout
70% McCain voter turnout

Voter Defection (net 5% to Walker)
Barrett wins 90% of returning Obama voters
Barrett wins 5% of returning McCain voters

Barrett wins by 54.6-45.4% (198,000 votes)
Walker needs to steal 8.4% of Democratic votes to win.

___________________________________________________________________________

Zero Net Turnout and Voter Defection Scenarios

1. Equal 70% turnout; Barrett wins 90% of Obama and 5% of McCain voters
Barrett has 56.2% and wins by 267,000 votes.
Walker needs to steal 11% to win.

2. Equal 70% Turnout; Barrett wins 95% of Obama and 5% of McCain voters.
Barrett has 59% and wins by 387,000 votes.
Walker needs to steal 15% to win.

___________________________________________________________________________

Democratic Worst Case Scenarios

1. Voter Turnout: 65% of Obama; 70% of McCain
Barrett wins 85% of Obama voters and 0% of McCain voters.
Barrett has 50.2% and wins by 9,000 votes.

2. Voter Turnout: 60% Obama; 75% McCain
Barrett wins 90% of Obama voters and 5% of McCain voters.
Barrett has 51.8% and wins by 80,000 votes.

___________________________________________________________________________

Implausible Scenarios required for Walker to win a fair election

1. Voter Turnout: 55% Obama; 80% McCain
Vote share: Barrett wins 90% of Obama voters and 5% of McCain voters.
Barrett has 49.1% and loses by 38,000.

2. Voter Turnout: 65% Obama; 70% McCain
Vote share: Barrett wins 80% of Obama voters and 5% of McCain voters.
Barrett has 49.4% and loses by 25,000.